What You Need to Know About IVF Medications

12236803.jpgMedications play an important role in the treatment of infertility, and are particularly crucial to the success of procedures such as in vitro fertilization, or IVF. Fertility specialist Laurence A. Jacobs takes the time to explain the important role that IVF medications play during consultations at his Chicago practice so that his patients fully understand what to expect during the IVF treatment process.

Dr. Jacobs takes many factors into account in customizing his patients’ IVF treatment plans, including their medical histories, their fitness levels, and the underlying causes of their infertility. These and other factors help to determine the types of medications used as part of each IVF treatment plan, in addition to other aspects of the treatment plan. As a patient of Dr. Jacobs, you can expect to receive only the most personalized care at every stage of your fertility treatment.

We invite you to read the following general information about medications commonly used in IVF treatment. For more specific information about medications that may be used in your case, we urge you to schedule your initial consultation with Dr. Jacobs today.


Medications are used during IVF cycles in order to prepare the patient’s body for treatment and control the ovulation process. The following medications are among the most commonly used during IVF cycles:

  • Lupron®: Lupron® is the trade name for an injectable leuprolide acetate that is used to prevent premature ovulation, giving the body the opportunity to produce a higher number of quality eggs during the IVF cycle. Lupron® essentially “switches off” the pituitary gland in terms of its ability to produce follicle stimulating hormones and luteinizing hormones. Ganirelix may be used instead.
  • Gonadotropins: These follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) injections, including Bravelle®, Follistim®, Menopur®, and Gonal-F®, stimulate the follicles that contain the eggs during the stimulation phase of the IVF cycle.
  • Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG): These injections are used during ovarian stimulation to trigger the maturation of the eggs and prepare them for retrieval. These injections simulate the effects that an increase in luteinizing hormone would have in a woman going through natural ovulation. Lupron can also be used with certain stimulation protocols.
  • Progesterone: When women undergo IVF, her body generally does not produce enough progesterone to create a sufficiently thick uterine lining to support for the early embryo in the event of successful conception. In this case, progesterone in various forms can be administered to augment the body’s natural supply until the placenta is able to produce adequate amounts.

Timing is of the essence when it comes to the administration of medications during the IVF cycle. Dr. Jacobs uses advanced diagnostic technologies, along with his years of experience and training, to determine precisely how long patients should remain on a certain medical therapy and when dosages should be increased, decreased, or stopped altogether. His talent for managing medical therapies with unrivaled precision is part of the reason his IVF success rate is so favorable.


To learn more about IVF medications, please contact the fertility clinic of Dr. Laurence A. Jacobs today.