Low Sperm Motility: Causes and Treatments

128623430.jpgThe diagnostic stage of infertility treatment is among the most importantstages of all. By identifying the most likely underlying cause or causes of a couple’s infertility, Dr. Laurence A. Jacobs is able to recommend the most effective fertility treatment plan possible. In many cases, there are multiple factors contributing to a couple’s infertility, and often infertility factors can be traced back to both the male and female partners. It is Dr. Jacobs’ goal to pinpoint as many of these factors during the diagnostic stage as he possibly can.

As far as male infertility factors go, low sperm motility is one of the most common. Low sperm motility refers to the inability of the sperm to move toward the egg as efficiently and as quickly as would be desirable for optimal fertility. The majority of the sperm in men with this condition do not actually make it to the egg. In fact, most do not make it past the vaginal canal. Those sperm that do make it past that point do not generally survive long thereafter.

Once Dr. Jacobs has diagnosed low sperm motility, he can discuss its causes and treatments during consultations at his Chicago, IL fertility clinic, Fertility Centers of Illinois/Laurence A. Jacobs, M.D. Fortunately, modern fertility treatments offer greater hope than ever for couples who are struggling with infertility to introduce a new life into this world.


There are several possible causes of low sperm motility, including:

  • Extreme heat: Sperm do not respond well to heat. You should avoid hot showers and baths, saunas, Jacuzzis and hot tubs, tight underwear, and resting anything on your lap that generates heat, such as a laptop or a plate of hot food.
  • Too much sex: Although it may seem counterproductive to your attempts to achieve pregnancy, too much sex can cause low sperm motility. Aside from prime fertility days, limit sex to once every two or three days.
  • Poor diet: Make sure that you are eating right and getting plenty of vitamins C and B12 in your diet.
  • Smoking and drinking: If you smoke or overindulge in alcohol, you are hurting your chances of successful conception in many ways. Low sperm motility is just one of them.
  • Stress: Stress can affect the health of your entire body, including the health of your sperm.


Many of the above-listed causes of low sperm motility can be addressed through lifestyle changes. However, if these changes aren’t sufficient to restoring fertility, and low sperm motility is identified as the primary cause of your infertility, then Dr. Jacobs may recommend intrauterine insemination (IUI). This treatment involves the direct injection of the sperm into the uterus, which makes motility a non-factor in the fertilization process. If IUI does not work, then Dr. Jacobs will most likely recommend in vitro fertilization (IVF).


To learn more about low sperm motility and how it can be treated, please contact Fertility Centers of Illinois/Laurence A. Jacobs, M.D. today.