Treatment for Abnormal Sperm Shape

57406384.jpgDr. Laurence A. Jacobs offers a wide range of infertility treatments to help patients increase their odds of conceiving by addressing male and female fertility problems. When it comes to treating male infertility, the first step is testing of the male’s sperm. It is important to examine the quality of the sperm (its shape, size, movement, etc.) to see if this may be the source of fertility issues. One common source of male infertility is the shape, or morphology, of the sperm. Dr. Laurence offers treatment for patients with high rates of abnormal sperm shape at his Chicago, IL fertility practice so that couples have a greater chance of becoming pregnant despite this infertility problem.


Sperm morphology is a term used to indicate the size or shape of a male’s sperm. Sperm that are poorly formed may display any of the following abnormalities:

  • Large or small sperm head
  • Double sperm head
  • Crooked sperm tail
  • Short sperm tail
  • Double sperm tail

These abnormalities can affect the viability of the sperm, its ability to swim, and its ability to navigate the female reproductive system and fertilize the egg. It may, therefore, impact a male’s fertility. While all men have some abnormally shaped sperm, those with higher counts of these abnormal sperm are more likely to experience fertility problems.


There are several fertility treatments that can help couples conceive despite abnormal sperm shape. Which treatment option is right for each patient may be dependent on how severe the problem is and how much sperm quality has been affected. Below are some of the fertility treatment options for abnormal sperm shape:

  • Referral to a Male Reproductive Specialist (Andrologist): Determining the underlying cause is a vitally important step before treatment can begin
  • Antioxidant vitamins, such as CoQ 10 may improve abnormal sperm morphology and fertilizing capacity.
  • Intrauterine insemination (IUI): During IUI treatment, Dr. Jacobs can inject a sample of processed sperm directly into the woman’s uterus. This process bypasses the woman’s cervix altogether and makes issues such as poor sperm movement as a result of abnormal shape less impactful. IUI can improve the chance of pregnancy when abnormal sperm shape is affecting fertility.
  • In vitro fertilization (IVF): IVF is one of the most common fertility treatments and has a great rate of success. The IVF process involves fertilizing an egg in a laboratory and then transferring that fertilized egg into a woman’s uterus. IVF oversees all major aspects of conception and is a great treatment option for patients experiencing many infertility problems, in addition to abnormal sperm shape.
  • Intra cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI): ICSI takes place in a laboratory, and is a part of the IVF process. During this procedure, sperm is injected directly into an egg. Because the sperm do not have to travel, this treatment can be beneficial to men with abnormal sperm shape.
  • Sperm donor: If abnormal sperm shape has affected the sperm to the point that it is no longer viable, as a last resort a sperm donor can be used. Dr. Jacobs can help patients search a database to find a sperm donor that is well suited to their needs and desires.


Dealing with infertility can be extremely disheartening, but you do not have to go through this experience alone. Dr. Laurence A. Jacobs can help you diagnose the source of infertility in order to find a treatment option that will help you overcome these obstacles. Contact us at your earliest convenience to learn more about our fertility treatments.