It is a myth that men remain fertile throughout their lives. Male fertility actually declines with age – quite dramatically according to a recent IVF study. This new study showed that men cannot conceive children as long as they can perform sexually. Men over 51 undergoing IVF using ICSI took part in this study.
Male-Factor IVF/ICSI Study
Close to 5,000 men undergoing IVF using ICSI to fertilize eggs took part in the study by The Centre for Reproductive & Genetic Health.
- Only 42 percent of men over 51 had quality sperm
- Compare – 61 percent of men under 51 had quality sperm
Even if a man’s sperm count is normal – it may not be optimal for getting a woman pregnant naturally. Men with normal sperm counts can still be contributing to a couple’s infertility due to several factors.
Increase Male Fertility
You can increase your sperm quality with simple lifestyle changes.
- Cease testosterone therapy
- Cease smoking
- Limit alcohol consumption
- Get better quality sleep
- Maintain a healthy Body Mass Index (BMI)
- Exercise regularly
- Try acupuncture
A Semen Analysis
A computer assisted semen analysis is a simple – yet sophisticated – diagnostic test used to judge a man’s sperm quality and quantity.
- Sperm Concentration is the number of sperm in the ejaculate
- Sperm Motility is the percentage of sperm moving and the qualities of movement, such as speed and straightness
- Sperm Morphology is the percentage of sperm having a normal appearance in size and shape
Optimum Sperm Quality is Important
A man’s sperm quality is critical – even if his sperm count lab results fall within a normal range.
- Forward progression
- Semen volume
- Liquefaction time
Sperm Freezing to Preserve Fertility
If a man is considering delaying conceiving a baby, it is advisable to freeze his young, healthy sperm. Through cryopreservation, men can preserve their future ability to have children. Also, aging sperm is a risk factor in fathering children born with chromosomal abnormalities, such as Trisomy 21 or Down’s Syndrome. Studies show that pregnancy rates decline and miscarriage rates increase when a man is over 40 – even if his female partner is under 35.
ICSI in Conjunction with IVF
The most effective treatment for male factor infertility is through IVF using the intricate fertilization procedure known as Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI). ICSI is an enhanced egg fertilization method that can be implemented using either the known male partner’s sperm or donor sperm.
ICSI Enhances Egg Fertilization
ICSI is used during IVF to individually fertilize each egg for optimal results. ICSI maximizes the rate of fertilization and lessens the chances of the sperm not being able to penetrate the wall of the egg.
- After the semen sample has been prepared, a single sperm is picked up into a tiny glass pipette under the guidance of a microscope
- The sperm is injected directly into an egg by passing the pipette through the surface of the egg
- The sperm cell is released into the egg and the pipette is withdrawn
- Simultaneously, a second polar body is released from the egg
The Male-Factor Infertility Doctor
Dr. Laurence A. Jacobs specializes in overcoming male-factor infertility. Click the icon below to schedule your consultation with Dr. Laurence Jacobs – or – call 888.325.7389.