Understanding Infertility

 

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FEMALE FACTOR INFERTILITY

Female factor infertility may relate to several types of complications. These include age, ovulation disorders, tubal and uterine factors, endometriosis, and implantation failures during In Vitro Fertilization (IVF). Many factors that contribute to female infertility can be diagnosed using ultrasound testing, ovulation screening, and other preliminary tests.

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MALE FACTOR INFERTILTY

We evaluate both partners for infertility issues. Screening for male factor infertility begins with a semen analysis. This test reveals how efficiently the sperm function. In some cases, we discover a physical problem preventing sperm production or movement. Many of these issues can be resolved with Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART). Sperm is collected and then combined with a woman's egg via Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) or In Vitro Fertilization (IVF).

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RECURRENT PREGNANCY LOSS - MISCARRIAGE

While 25 percent of pregnancies end in miscarriage, less than 5 percent of women experience two miscarriages in a row, and only 1 percent experience three or more. Some cases of recurrent pregnancy loss are due to older or low-quality eggs. In others, miscarriages occur because of chronic hormonal abnormalities, genetic chromosomal unbalanced translocations, uterine abnormalities, and immune system issues. Dr. Laurence Jacobs works with women who have experienced recurrent miscarriage to determine the cause and provide possible solutions.

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IDIOPATHIC (UNEXPLAINED) INFERTILITY

Unexplained infertility can be a very frustrating diagnosis. By definition, unexplained infertility means there is no identifiable cause for a couple's inability to conceive.

Diagnostic testing results in:

  • Normal semen analysis
  • Normal ovulation
  • Normal uterus and tubal patency
  • Reasonable ovarian reserve of eggs

IUI and IVF treatments are generally very successful in overcoming unexplained infertility.

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