As a woman’s body naturally ages – fewer and fewer egg follicles remain in her ovaries. This is her fertility timeline. The natural aging process results in her egg follicles having less opportunities to become strong and healthy for natural fertilization. It’s important for women of all ages to become well-informed about their fertility timeline. Women today are postponing motherhood into their 30s and 40s – when their egg supply is diminishing.
Female Fertility Timeline
Females are born with one to two million immature egg follicles. About 400,000 of those egg follicles remain when a woman begins her period – around age 12. With each monthly menstrual cycle, several hundred eggs are lost. A woman’s body breaks these immature egg follicles down and absorbs them. Only the healthiest follicles remain to become mature eggs.
To Postpone Motherhood – or – Not?
It’s important for women to know how the decision to postpone motherhood into their 30s and 40s will affect their ability to get pregnant.
Ages 18 to 24
This is the most optimum age range for a woman’s mature body to conceive a child naturally. Her healthy and strong follicles are the first to mature into viable eggs for ovulation and fertilization.
Young eggs – 18 to 24 – are the most likely to be of a high quality. The risks of birth defects, chromosomal problems, and infertility are significantly reduced.
Ages 25 to 30
When a woman enters the 30s, her chances of naturally conceiving a child are reduced as each year passes. A woman’s chances of getting pregnant as she enters her late 20s remains good. Women under the age of 30 have a 40 to 60 percent chance of conceiving naturally.
Why is this important? If you are under the age of 30 and have been trying unsuccessfully to conceive natural for three or more months – you should consult with a fertility specialist for a reproductive health checkup.
Ages 31 to 35
A woman’s chances of getting pregnant naturally as she enters her 30s are still high because she still has a good supply of high-quality egg follicles in her ovaries. After 30 though, a woman’s fertility begins to decrease gradually by age 32. At 37, her fertility declines precipitously. Bottom Line: In her 30s, a woman is about half as fertile as she was in her 20s.
Ages 35 to 40
The greatest reduction in a woman’s fertility is in her late 30s and early 40s. The chances of a woman conceiving in her late 30s is about half as that of a female in her 20s. Also, in this age range, a woman risks the chance of conceiving a baby with chromosomal issues. The risks of miscarriage and/or pregnancy complications are higher.
Ages 41 to 45+
With the help of state-of-the-art Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) – women in their 40s have the fastest-growing rate of childbirth. The birth rate for women 40 to 44 rose two percent between 2016 and 2017. Amazingly, the number of births for women 45 to 49 rose three percent between 2016 and 2017.
Keep inn mind:
- These birth rates for women over 40 are much lower than their younger female counterparts
- It’s more difficult to get pregnant when a woman is over 40
- By age 40, a woman’s body is preparing for menopause
- Babies born from woman over 40 are at great risk for birth defects and pregnancy complications
The over-40-year-old mother is also at great risk for:
Female Fertility Expertise
At his beautiful Hoffman Estates IL location, Dr. Laurence A. Jacobs offers customized fertility treatment protocols for every patient’s age and medical needs. Click here to schedule your New Patient Telemedicine Consultation via Zoom with Dr. Jacobs – or call 888.325.7389.